Depression is a strong mood involving sadness, discouragement, despair, with a timeline of one-week, months, or even years. Depression affects more than the mood of a person, drains the energy, motivation and concentration to dotheir normal activities, it interferes with the ability to perceive or appreciate the finer things in life.

Depressive disorders have been with humanity since the beginning of recorded history. In the Bible, King David suffered from this affliction. Hippocrates referred to depression as melancholia identified as loss of appetite and depressed mood, described by him in medical theory basic physiology of the time.

Today we know much more about it, although much remains to be a mystery. The depression or clinical depression can coexist with virtually all other health diseases, aggravating the situation of those suffering from a combination of depression and other mental illness.

Difference between depression and sadness

It is important to know if there is an external cause or event which will reveal temporary or last for more than one to two weeks. Despite clear research evidence and clinical guidelines on the treatment, depression is often treated. I hope this page will educate you to achieve the change to feel the better.

The reason of depression

There is no single cause for depression, but there are some evidences, including inherited traits of family members who may have had depression or live in a difficult social or family environment.

Depression involves a balancing of various natural chemicals in the brain, these chemicals called neurotransmitters that affect the mood. Many things can affect the production of the neurotransmitters of the brain including daylight\seasons, a social challenging environment, events life and certain medical conditions.

causas e sinais depressao

          

Depression comes in various forms, different types of depression have different symptoms, causes and effects. Knowing what type of depression you have may help manage your symptoms and get the most effective treatment. Understand the underlying cause of your depression can help you to overcome the problem. Learn more about depression, including its signs, symptoms, causes and treatment as the first step to overcome the problem.

Sometimes a person can find out how some of these factors may have contributed to feelings of depression, for example, in the winter when there is less light, some people have a tendency to a type of depression called seasonal affective disorder (SAD). Other times, a person may become depressed for no apparent reason, not knowing what caused the depression but does not make it less real.

The degrees of depression

There are three depression levels, the mild one which has an impact on the daily life, the moderate depression, which has more severe symptoms and affects everyday life and major depressive disorder or clinical depression that profoundly affects the whole functioning of the person.

Other forms of depression

Dysthymia is a form of low clinical depression and can last for years.

Bipolar disorder is characterized by a cycle of peaks and sudden mood descents. The cyclothymia is a milder version of bipolar disorder.

Hormonal and physical changes of the postpartum responsibilities may contribute to this condition.

Seasonal affective disorder is also known for winter depression, where the lack of sunlight leads to a drop of humor.

Causes and risk factors for depression

■ Loneliness

■ Lack of social support

■ Recent stressful life experiences

■ Family history of depression

■ Marital or relationship problems

■ Financial strain

■ Childhood trauma

■ Alcohol or drug abuse

■ Unemployment

■ Demanding Jobs

■ Health problems or chronic pain

       


 

causas depressão

How to get help for depression 

Talk to someone you can trust by just say something like "I'm feeling very bad lately and i think i´m depressed" it can be a good way to start the discussion. Ask him an opinion on a possible appointment with a therapist, if you not have that "someone", call a support line for help.

Friends and people who care about you can support you in other ways

• They can listen and talk, showing that they understand what you are feeling.

• They can remind you that things can get better and they are there for you.

• They can help you see things that are already bad about your life, even when it's hard to realize.

• They can keep you company and make nice and relaxing things with you.

• They can give you honest praise and help you find things to laugh or smile.

Regular sadness vs depression 

Feeling sad, down or discouraged are natural human emotions. We all feel that way sometimes. We all feel saddened by a discussion with a friend, a breakup or a best friend to get out of town. We may be disappointed in doing a bad test or you may feel discouraged if our team can not break his losing streak. The death of someone close can lead to a particular kind of sorrow. Most of the time, people can deal with these feelings and go through them with a little time and care but if you take longer than two to three weeks to recover itmay reveal a depression.

Anxiety vs Depression

This kind of diseases can occur in men or women, but in the female is much more frequent and reaches any age. Depression does not choose gender, age, race, social class and in some cases can be fatal. They are treated separately, these disorders have the hands joined, a study noticed that depression passes to anxiety in 2% of the cases and anxiety to depression in 24% of cases and also supports the idea of the evolution of stress to anxiety and then to depression.  Among patients diagnosed people with anxiety have 65% of depressive symptoms.

Depression is an illness, not just a sign of been weak, the lack of positive thoughts or a condition that can be overcome only by force of will or effort. I believe that in the next 10 years the cases Stress / Anxiety / Depression will multiply and that countries with high rates of cases will not be able to give the right answer. A person with depression may not realize that are depressed because critical self-thinking is part of depression, some people mistakenly think of themselves as a failure, a bad student, a quitter, a slacker, a loser, or a bad person.

Sadness can help us learn more about our human condition, for example, the negative emotions brought about by a depressed person, in general, can facilitate and focus our perception and our critical thinking, helping us to detect whats wrong and how we can correct or eliminate the problem, of course may be restricted by the degree of depression. The ability or willingness of a person to seek treatment affects the length of the episode of the depression. In case of treatment, an episode can last for two to six weeks. However, without treatment, the episodes can last from six to 18 months or more. On average, they last about five months or more.

Statistics on depression

Depressive disorders are a huge public health problem, due to the millions of people who are affected. Statistics on depression are amazing, the World Health Organization estimates that about 121 million people worldwide have some form of depression, and less than 25 percent have access to effective treatment, here are some of the most important statistics:

• Recent statistics suggest that about seven out of every hundred people will suffer from depression after 18 years at some time in their lives.

• One in 33 children and one in 8 adolescents have clinical depression. Suicide is the third leading cause of death for ages 10-24.

• Most people diagnosed with major depression receive a diagnosis from their twenties and thirties.

• About six million people are affected by depression later in life, but just only 10% receive treatment.

• For every man who develops a depression, two women suffer from depression, regardless of racial or ethnic origin or economic situation.

• More than half of all people who care for an older relative showed clinically significant depressive symptoms.

• By 2020, depression will be the second most common health disease worldwide.

• Clinical depression is the leading cause of disability throughout the world.

• Depression is ten times more common today than it was in 1960.

What can be done to treat depression?

Early diagnosis and treatment for depression may reduce stress and the risk of suicide, when it exists. Those with this medical condition receiving treatment for co-existing depression often experience an improvement in their general condition and achieve a better quality of life, and it is easier to follow through with your treatment plan. Treatment success can not be guaranteed, but most people treated for depression will recover. Recovery is often faster and more complete when both antidepressant and psychotherapy drugs are combined. Many antidepressant drugs are available to treat depression. As these drugs work is not fully understood, but they affect brain chemicals that are believed to be involved in depression.

The good news

Make healthy lifestyle changes is highly advisable  

Whatever your treatment is a lifestyle change can have a big impact on depression. Examples of changes that can be very effective:

■ Cultivate supportive relationships

■ Make regular exercise and sleep

■ Eat healthily

■ Manage your stress

■ Practice relaxation techniques

■ Challenge negative thought patterns

mudanças estilo vida

Depression is one of the most treatable disease, 80-90% of people can find their relief. Researchers work diligently to develop new treatments for depression. Studies suggest that patients who seek treatment, either psychotherapy and drug therapy, holistic therapy or a combination will improve dramatically. Make healthy lifestyle changes is highly advisable. If you or someone you know suffers from depression be sure to get medical help, there are also over the internet various forms of support, try to identify it and ask for help.

Depression and suicide

There is another important factor that could be an alarm signal, the suicide attempt. There are signs to understand the intentions of ending life.

Important signals:

Pessimism or hopeless

Ideas openly spoken of suicide

Suicide fantasies

Loss of interest in life

Phrases like "no longer take it anymore"

Abuse of alcohol and drugs

Although most depressed people are not suicidal, most suicidal people are depressed.

depressao e suicidio
   


If you think a friend or family member is considering suicide, express concern and seek professional help immediately. Talking openly about suicidal thoughts and feelings can save a life!

    

Informação e ajuda à ansiedade, depressão e ataques de pânico
Information and help with anxiety, depression and panic Attacks
Información y ayuda con ataques de ansiedad, depresión y pánico
L'information et aider avec des d'anxiété, dépression et la panique

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