The generalized anxiety disorder, also known as General Anxiety Disorder or GAD is simply much more than people experience anxiety in everyday life. It's chronic and fills the day with exaggerated worry and tension, even though there is little or nothing to provoke it.

Normal or generalized?

People with generalized anxiety disorder are always anticipating an disaster and often worry excessively about health issues, family, work or money, sometimes the source of concern is difficult to learn and just the thought of having to live another day can cause anxiety. It is normal to people experience a general state of worry or fear before confronting something challenging, as a test, exam or an interview, etc. These feelings are easily justified and considered normal.

Anxiety is considered a problem when the symptoms interfere with a person's ability to sleep or any other function, causing real symptoms and with a prolonged duration , there it is going to be called generalized anxiety disorder.

It only delays

People with Generalized Anxiety Disorder can not prevent their concerns, even though they usually realize that their anxiety is more intense than the situation warrants. Your worries are accompanied by physical symptoms, especially headaches, fatigue, muscle aches, muscle tension, difficulty swallowing, trembling, sweating, twitching, irritability and hot flashes. People with Generalized Anxiety Disorder may feel dizzy or down. They may also feel sick or have to go to the bathroom frequently.



In general, the generalized anxiety occurs without apparent reason causing damage to the quality of life. Although researchers do not know exactly why some people experience anxiety disorders, we know that there are several factors involved. Like many other mental health problems, anxiety disorders appear to be the result of a combination of biological, psychological, and other individual factors. 

Individuals with Generalized Anxiety Disorder seem unable to relax, and they can be surprisingly more easily than others. They tend to have difficulty concentrating, and often have trouble falling or staying asleep. Unlike people with other anxiety disorders, people with GAD do not tend to avoid certain situations as a result of your anxiety disorder. When impairment associated with GAD is mild, people with the disorder may be able to function in social settings or on the job. If severe, however, generalized anxiety disorder can be very debilitating, making it difficult to perform even the most common tasks of day-to-day.

How is generalized anxiety disorder is diagnosed?

Many health professionals can help individuals with GAD, licensed therapists of mental health, family doctors and other primary care professionals, such as medical condition of specialists of emergency doctors, psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurses, and social workers. If one of these professionals suspect that you suffer from GAD, possibly they will propose the extensive medical interview with various psychological tests and physical examinations.

As part of these tests can be done a number of questions from a standardized questionnaire or self-test to help assess the risk of anxiety. Anxiety may be associated with a number of other medical conditions or may be a side effect of many medications. For this reason, routine laboratory tests are often performed during the initial evaluation to rule out other causes of your symptoms. Occasionally, a picture study X-rays, MRI or other may be necessary.

The DSM-IV-TR (of mental illness code book) uses the term "panic attack" to describe the salient features associated with panic disorder. The "anxiety attack" is not defined in DSM-IV-TR. Rather, anxiety is used to describe a key feature of many diseases identified with the title, heading disorders that include:

Panic Disorder


Specific Phobia

Social phobia

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Post-traumatic stress

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Panic or anxiety attack

The terms anxiety attacks and panic attacks are often used interchangeably to mean the same thing. In this sense, the difference is purely a matter of semantics. But from a clinical perspective, panic and anxiety are defined by different characteristics. The differences between panic and anxiety are best described in terms of severity of symptoms and time of the predominant symptoms occur.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder affects about 8 million adults in the US alone and in UK affects about twice as many women than men. The disorder appears gradually and can begin across the life cycle, although the risk is higher is between childhood and middle age. It is diagnosed when someone spends at least six months worrying excessively about a number of everyday problems. There is evidence that genes play a modest role in GAD. This, like all the anxiety conditions can be treated with a carefully structured anxiety management program.

This table has no scientific rigor, only serves to position the level of anxiety

Level 0 - Dont exist, we all have.

Level 1 - light or regular anxiety, at this level it can be useful and bring positive effects and can increase productivity or learning.

Level 2 - medium or moderate anxiety, can lose concentration or an increased heart rate, physical symptoms go unnoticed, it is still possible to solve problems without complications, mild and moderate states are normal in everyday life.

Level 3 - high or severe anxiety, you will find very difficult to deal with it, the resolution of everyday problems will be certainly more conditioned, symptoms such as racing heart, shortness of breath, dizziness and fear of losing control can be common.

Level 4 - panic attack, is the highest level of anxiety, here a person comes to lose all sense of reality, the symptoms are almost impossible to control especially when it begins to hyperventilate, loss control and imminent death of thoughts are the most common conditions at this level. The duration is relatively short.

Level 5 - generalized anxiety disorder, this level is when the symptoms are still severe, unexplained and durations of months or years. Rarely has a person at this level has a good quality of life, is disabling and can develop into a depression.


Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is a chemical that transmits pulses everywhere between nerve cells or neurons. Serotonin plays an important role in the regulation of learning, mood, sleep and vasoconstriction (contraction of blood vessels). Experts say that serotonin may also have a role in anxiety, migraine, vomiting and appetite. Approximately 80% of our body's serotonin isin the gut, the rest is synthesized in serotonergic neurons of the central nervous system.

serotonina no cerebro

Magnetic resonance

The colored regions mark the reduced activation of the prefrontal cortex and singular as well as the increased amygdala activation of brainstem patients compared with healthy controls during processing of emotional stimuli, better known as depression.

cerebro durante ansiedade e crise de panico

Know for sure thatwhether the anxiety may be one of the causes of depression is not known but there are studies that indicate that this is possible.

Is the anxiety linked to depression?

Over the past few years, doctors and researchers have moved to a new conclusion, depression and anxiety can coexist. They are two sides of the disorder. The prevailing view of anxiety and depression are like two distinct diseases, but there is definitely a family component, looking at what disorders can fill, if you ask me my opinion, yes anxiety can develop a depression.

In general, anxiety is a state of fear and alerting 

It is very important to know what is anxiety, how it works and how to live with it but that there are no illusions, anxiety disrupts their lives, she'll try to make that you not do things you used to do, it is very important to counter this, however how much it costs always try to combat anxiety doing your regular activities, as for symptoms, do not fight the symptoms just accept them.

It is strange that without anxiety life was a problem

From an evolutionary point of view, anxiety and even depression have been here and are partof fundamental importance for our survival, fear prevents us from having negligent how to cross the street without looking sideways or put your hand in the fire. Anger can be extremely useful in a situation where our physical integrity is threatened.

Options for the treatment of anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorders respond very well to treatment, specific treatment method depends on the type of anxiety disorder and its severity. But in general, most anxiety disorders are treated with behavioral therapy, medication or some combination of the two. Sometimes complementary or alternative treatments may also be useful.


Informação e ajuda à ansiedade, depressão e ataques de pânico
Information and help with anxiety, depression and panic Attacks
Información y ayuda con ataques de ansiedad, depresión y pánico
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